Chemical compound

Terbium(III) nitrate is an inorganic chemical compound, a salt of terbium and nitric acid, with the formula Tb(NO3)3. The hexahydrate crystallizes as triclinic colorless crystals with the formula [Tb(NO3)3(H2O)4]·2H2O.[1] It can be used to synthesize materials with green emission.[2]


Terbium(III) nitrate can be prepared by dissolving terbium(III,IV) oxide in a mixture of aqueous HNO3 and H2O2 solution.[3]


It reacts with NH4HCO3 to produce Tb2(CO3)3 along with its basic carbonate.[4] It forms Tb(NO3)2−5 in CH3CN with excess nitrate anions.[5]


  1. ^ a b Moret, Emmanuel; Bünzli, Jean-Claude G.; Schenk, Kurt J. (1990). "Structural and luminescence study of europium and terbium nitrate hexahydrates". Inorganica Chimica Acta. 178 (1): 83–88. doi:10.1016/S0020-1693(00)88138-4. ISSN 0020-1693.
  2. ^ Xia, Tifeng; Song, Tao; Zhang, Gege; Cui, Yuanjing; Yang, Yu; Wang, Zhiyu; Qian, Guodong (2016). "A Terbium Metal-Organic Framework for Highly Selective and Sensitive Luminescence Sensing of Hg2+Ions in Aqueous Solution". Chemistry - A European Journal. 22 (51): 18429–18434. doi:10.1002/chem.201603531. ISSN 0947-6539. PMID 27747951.
  3. ^ Hou, Zhiyao; Wang, Lili; Lian, Hongzhou; Chai, Ruitao; Zhang, Cuimiao; Cheng, Ziyong; Lin, Jun (2009). "Preparation and luminescence properties of Ce3+ and/or Tb3+ doped LaPO4 nanofibers and microbelts by electrospinning". Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 182 (4): 698–708. Bibcode:2009JSSCh.182..698H. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2008.12.021. ISSN 0022-4596.
  4. ^ Foger, K.; Hoang, M.; Turney, T. W. (1992). "Formation and thermal decomposition of rare-earth carbonates". Journal of Materials Science. 27 (1): 77–82. Bibcode:1992JMatS..27...77F. doi:10.1007/BF02403646. ISSN 0022-2461. S2CID 189835444.
  5. ^ Bünzli, Jean-Claude G.; Vuckovic, Milan M. (1983). "Spectroscopic properties of anhydrous and aqueous solutions of terbium perchlorate and nitrate: Coordination numbers of the Tb(III) ion". Inorganica Chimica Acta. 73: 53–61. doi:10.1016/S0020-1693(00)90826-0. ISSN 0020-1693.