The Public Health Service Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1944.[2] The full act is codified in Title 42 of the United States Code (The Public Health and Welfare), Chapter 6A (Public Health Service).[3]


The act clearly established the federal government's quarantine authority for the first time. It gave the United States Public Health Service responsibility for preventing the introduction, transmission and spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the United States.[4]

The Public Health Service Act granted the original authority for scientists and special consultants to be appointed "without regard to the civil-service laws", known as a Title 42 appointment.[5]

Amendments to the Public Health Service Act

It has since been amended many times. Some of these amendments are:

Failed amendments to the Public Health Service Act

Other attempted amendments to the act have failed, such as the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Acts of 2005 and 2007.

Proposed amendments to the Public Health Service Act


  1. ^ a b "Hematological Cancer Research Investment and Education Act of 2001" Archived 2009-06-26 at the Wayback Machine OLPA Legislative Updates
  2. ^ Roosevelt, Franklin D. (July 1, 1944). "Statement of the President on Signing the Public Health Service Act - July 1, 1944". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 191–193.
  3. ^ "Public Health Service Act". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
  4. ^ History of Quarantine at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention site. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Pay for Consultants and Scientists Appointed under Title 42". U.S. Government Accountability Office. B-323357. 2012-07-12. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  6. ^ US Office of Population Affairs - Legislation Archived 2008-09-20 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "OPA: PUBLIC LAW 91-572-DEC. 24, 1970".
  8. ^ Bucshon, Larry (3 February 2017). "H.R.708 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): State Age Rating Flexibility Act of 2017".
  9. ^ "H.R. 235 -". United States Congress. 13 February 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  10. ^ "H.R. 297 - text". United States Congress. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  11. ^ "S. 2154 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2014.

External links