Scottish historian
The Duke in c. 1916.
Arms of the Dukes of Argyll

Niall Diarmid Campbell, 10th and 3rd Duke of Argyll (16 February 1872 – 20 August 1949)[1] was a Scottish peer and historian.


Campbell was the son of Captain Lord Archibald Campbell, second son of George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, and his wife Janey Sevilla Callander of Craigforth and Ardkinglas, daughter of James Henry Callander.[2] His uncle was Lord Colin Campbell and his aunt by marriage was Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll.[2] He was educated at St George's School, Ascot and went then to Charterhouse School in Surrey.[3]

Campbell studied at Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated Bachelor of Arts in 1896.[4] He was admitted to the Middle Temple on 1 November 1894[5] and withdrew without being Called to the Bar in 1917. In 1914, he succeeded his uncle John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll in his various hereditary titles and offices.[6]


Following his inheritance, Campbell became Honorary Colonel of the 8th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders until his retirement in 1929.[4] He was additionally Honorary Colonel of the 15th (Canadian) Argyll Light Infantry.[7] Having been previously a Deputy Lieutenant from 1914,[8] He funded the creation of the Inveraray Bell Tower, in memory of the Campbell Clan who died in the First World War.

Campbell was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Argyllshire in 1923, an office he held until his death in 1949.[9] His seat was Inveraray Castle, Argyll and he was interred at Kilmun Parish Church.[10]

Personal life

Referred to as "Scotland's most picturesque Duke", Campbell hated telephones and motor cars and would indulge in eccentric behaviour, including greeting tourists with recitals from Italian operas.[11] He spent his final years in what was called "monastic seclusion".[11]

Fearing that the eccentricity from his maternal relationship could be inherited, he never married and died childless in 1949.[12]

He was succeeded as duke by his first cousin, once removed, Ian Campbell, a grandson of the third son of the 8th Duke.[3]



  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Peerage". Archived from the original on 8 June 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1929). Armorial Families. Vol. I. London: Hurst & Blackett.
  3. ^ a b "ThePeerage profile". Retrieved 18 March 2007.
  4. ^ a b Burke, John (2001). Peter de Vere Beauclerk-Dewar (ed.). Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain. p. 596. ISBN 0-9711966-0-5.
  5. ^ Sturgess, H.A.C. (1949). Register of Admissions to the Middle Temple. Butterworth & Co. (Publishers) Ltd.: Temple Bar. Vol.2, p.701.
  6. ^ Whitaker's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companioage. J. Whitaker & Sons. 1923. p. 124.
  7. ^ Who is Who 1935. London: Adam & Charles Black Ltd. 1935. p. 34.
  8. ^ "No. 28949". The London Gazette. 23 October 1914. p. 8534.
  9. ^ "Institute of Historical Research - Lieutenants and Lord-Lieutenants of Counties (Scotland) from 1794". Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  10. ^ "Argyll Mausoleum web-site". Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  11. ^ a b "Death of Scotland's most picturesque Duke". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 21 August 1949. p. 5.
  12. ^ Campbell, Alastair (2004). History of Clan Campbell: From the Restoration to the Present Day. Vol. III. Edinburgh University Press. p. 300. ISBN 0-7486-1790-6.

External links

Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Argyllshire
1923 – 1949
Succeeded by
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Duke of Argyll
1914 – 1949
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Duke of Argyll
1914 – 1949
Succeeded by