Beryl variety

Morganite is an orange or pink gemstone and is also a variety of beryl.[2] Morganite can be mined in countries like Brazil, Afghanistan, Mozambique, Namibia, the United States, and Madagascar.[3]

Morganite has grown in popularity since 2010.[2] Brides and CNN have even listed it as a good alternative to diamond.[4][5]


Morganite is named after J. P. Morgan.[6]

Morganite is also known as pink beryl, rose beryl, pink emerald, and "cesian (or caesian) beryl".[7]


The pink color of morganite is attributed to Mn2+ ions.[7] Morganite is pleochroic, when it is view down its c crystallographic axis the color is more pink.

In comparison to emerald, morganite lacks inclusions and fractures. Thus making it more durable than emerald.[2]


Pink beryl of fine color and good sizes was first discovered on an island off the coast of Madagascar in 1910.[8] It was also known, with other gemstone minerals, such as tourmaline and kunzite, at Pala, California. In December 1910, the New York Academy of Sciences named the pink variety of beryl "morganite" after financier J. P. Morgan.[8]

On October 7, 1989, one of the largest gem morganite specimens ever uncovered, eventually called "The Rose of Maine", was found at the Bennett Quarry in Buckfield, Maine, US.[9] The crystal, originally somewhat orange in hue, was 23 cm (9 in) long and about 30 cm (12 in) across, and weighed (along with its matrix) just over 50 pounds (23 kg).[10]

Before 2011, morganite was unknown in many jewelry stores. But, recently morganite has been increasing in popularity.[2]

Value and popularity

According to a 2017 survey, morganite is the second most popular non-diamond stone, after sapphire. A single carat of morganite can cost about $300.[11]

Since morganites are the rarest variety of beryl it is therefore the most expensive beryl.[6] Ones that are deep pink in color tend to be the most valuable.[12]


  1. ^ "Morganite".
  2. ^ a b c d "Morganite: The orange to pink gem with growing popularity". Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  3. ^ "Morganite Description". www.gia.eduhttps. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  4. ^ "8 Diamond Alternatives to Consider for Your Engagement Ring". Brides. Retrieved 2021-11-20.
  5. ^ Murden, Banu Ibrahim,Kiana (2021-05-18). "Planning to propose? Here are 23 expert-approved rings worth buying". CNN Underscored. Retrieved 2021-11-20.
  6. ^ a b Oldershaw, Cally (2003). Firefly Guide to Gems. Firefly Books. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-55297-814-6.
  7. ^ a b "Color in the beryl group". Mineral Spectroscopy Server. California Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  8. ^ a b "Gem named for Morgan; Newly discovered pink beryl is to be known as Morganite" (PDF). The New York Times. 6 December 1910.
  9. ^ Harrison, Donald K.; Anderson, Walter; Foley, Michael E. (1990). "The Mineral Industry of Maine" (PDF). Minerals yearbook 1990. Vol. 2. US Bureau of Mines. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-160-38183-6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 April 2014.
  10. ^ "The Rose of Maine". Maine Geological Survey. 6 October 2005. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Image of "The Rose of Maine" at the site of its discovery.
  11. ^ Keiles, Jamie Lauren (2018-12-04). "The pink engagement ring gemstone that everyone is buying but nobody is talking about". Vox. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  12. ^ Grande, Lance; Augustyn, Allison (2009-11-15). Gems and Gemstones: Timeless Natural Beauty of the Mineral World. University of Chicago Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-226-30511-0.