This is a list of gemstones, organized by species and type.


There are over 300 types of minerals that have been used as gemstones. These include:

A - B

C - F

G - L

M - Q

R - Z

Artificial and lab created

There are a number of artificial and lab grown minerals used to produce gemstones. These include:


There are a number of organic materials used as gems, including:


Some rocks are used as gems, including:

Chatoyant gems

Some minerals made into gemstones may display a chatoyancy or cat's eye effect, these include:[1]


  1. ^ Walter Schumann, Gemstones of the World, 5th edition, 2013 ISBN 978-1454909538