Chemical compound

Dysprosium oxide (Dy2O3) is a sesquioxide compound of the rare earth metal dysprosium. It is a pastel yellowish-greenish, slightly hygroscopic powder having specialized uses in ceramics, glass, phosphors, lasers, as a Faraday rotator[3] and dysprosium metal halide lamps.

It can react with acids to produce the corresponding dysprosium(III) salts:

Dy2O3 + 6 HCl → 2 DyCl3 + 3 H2O


  1. ^ Webelements Dysprosium trioxide
  2. ^ Curzon A.E., Chlebek H.G. (1973). "The observation of face centred cubic Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm in the form of thin films and their oxidation". J. Phys. F. 3 (1): 1–5. Bibcode:1973JPhF....3....1C. doi:10.1088/0305-4608/3/1/009.
  3. ^ Vojna, David; Slezák, Ondřej; Yasuhara, Ryo; Furuse, Hiroaki; Lucianetti, Antonio; Mocek, Tomáš (2020). "Faraday Rotation of Dy2O3, CeF3 and Y3Fe5O12 at the Mid-Infrared Wavelengths". Materials. 13 (23): 5324. Bibcode:2020Mate...13.5324V. doi:10.3390/ma13235324. PMC 7727863. PMID 33255447.