Chemical compound

Caesium sesquioxide is a chemical compound with the formula Cs2O3 or Cs4O6. In terms of oxidation states, Caesium in this compound has a nominal charge of +1, and the oxygen is a mixed peroxide (O22-) and superoxide (O2-) for a structural formula of (Cs+)4(O2-)2(O22-).[1] Compared to the other caesium oxides, this phase is less well studied,[2] but has been long present in the literature.[3] It can be created by thermal decomposition of caesium superoxide at 290 °C.[4]

The compound is often studied as an example of a Verwey type charge ordering transition at low temperatures.[5][6][7] There were some theoretical suggestions that Cs2O3 would be a ferromagnetic half metal,[8] but along with the closely related rubidium sesquioxide, experimental results found a magnetically frustrated system.[1] Below about 200 K, the structure changes to tegragonal symmetry.[9] Electron paramagnetic resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements show a complicated low temperature magnetic behavior that depends on the orientation of the oxygen dimers and superexchange through the caesium atoms.[10]


  1. ^ a b c d Winterlik, Jürgen; Fecher, Gerhard H.; Jenkins, Catherine A.; Medvedev, Sergey; Felser, Claudia; et al. (2009-06-09). "Exotic magnetism in the alkali sesquioxides Rb4O6 and Cs4O6". Physical Review B. 79 (21): 214410. arXiv:0904.4338. Bibcode:2009PhRvB..79u4410W. doi:10.1103/physrevb.79.214410. ISSN 1098-0121. S2CID 118706339.
  2. ^ Band, A.; Albu-Yaron, A.; Livneh, T.; Cohen, H.; Feldman, Y.; Shimon, L.; Popovitz-Biro, R.; Lyahovitskaya, V.; Tenne, R. (2004-07-27). "Characterization of Oxides of Cesium". The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. American Chemical Society (ACS). 108 (33): 12360–12367. doi:10.1021/jp036432o. ISSN 1520-6106.
  3. ^ Helms, Alfred; Klemm, Wilhelm (1939-08-29). "Über die Kristallstrukturen der Rubidium- und Cäsiumsesquioxyde". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie (in German). Wiley. 242 (2): 201–214. doi:10.1002/zaac.19392420210. ISSN 0863-1786.
  4. ^ Merz, Patrick; Schmidt, Marcus; Felser, Claudia; Jansen, Martin (2017-03-24). "Thermo-analytical Investigations on the Superoxides AO2 (A = K, Rb, Cs), Revealing Facile Access to Sesquioxides A4O6". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. Wiley. 643 (8): 544–547. doi:10.1002/zaac.201700013. ISSN 0044-2313.
  5. ^ Max Planck Society (2018-01-19). "Charge order and electron localization in a molecule-based solid". Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  6. ^ Adler, Peter; Jeglič, Peter; Reehuis, Manfred; Geiß, Matthias; Merz, Patrick; Knaflič, Tilen; Komelj, Matej; Hoser, Andreas; Sans, Annette; Janek, Jürgen; Arčon, Denis; Jansen, Martin; Felser, Claudia (2018-01-17). "Verwey-type charge ordering transition in an open-shell p -electron compound". Science Advances. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). 4 (1): eaap7581. Bibcode:2018SciA....4.7581A. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aap7581. ISSN 2375-2548. PMC 5775027. PMID 29372183.
  7. ^ Colman, Ross H.; Okur, H. Esma; Kockelmann, Winfried; Brown, Craig M.; Sans, Annette; Felser, Claudia; Jansen, Martin; Prassides, Kosmas (2019-10-21). "Elusive Valence Transition in Mixed-Valence Sesquioxide Cs4O6". Inorganic Chemistry. American Chemical Society (ACS). 58 (21): 14532–14541. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02122. ISSN 0020-1669. PMC 7880551. PMID 31633914.
  8. ^ Attema, J J; Wijs, G A de; Groot, R A de (2007-04-05). "Spintronic materials based on main-group elements" (PDF). Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. IOP Publishing. 19 (16): 165203. Bibcode:2007JPCM...19p5203A. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/19/16/165203. ISSN 0953-8984.
  9. ^ Okur, H. Esma; Colman, Ross H.; Ohishi, Yasuo; Sans, Annette; Felser, Claudia; Jansen, Martin; Prassides, Kosmas (2020-01-06). "Pressure-Induced Charge Disorder–Order Transition in the Cs4O6 Sesquioxide". Inorganic Chemistry. American Chemical Society (ACS). 59 (2): 1256–1264. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02974. ISSN 0020-1669. PMID 31904961. S2CID 210041198.
  10. ^ Arčon, D.; Anderle, K.; Klanjšek, M.; Sans, A.; Mühle, C.; Adler, P.; Schnelle, W.; Jansen, M.; Felser, C. (2013-12-10). "Influence of O2 molecular orientation on p-orbital ordering and exchange pathways in Cs4O6". Physical Review B. American Physical Society (APS). 88 (22): 224409. Bibcode:2013PhRvB..88v4409A. doi:10.1103/physrevb.88.224409. ISSN 1098-0121.